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Oracle® Database Client Quick Installation Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2) for HP-UX Itanium

Part Number E18193-02
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Oracle® Database

Client Quick Installation Guide

11g Release 2 (11.2) for HP-UX Itanium

E18193-02

October 2010

This guide describes how to quickly install Oracle Database Client 11g Release 2 (11.2) on HP-UX Itanium systems. It includes information about the following:

1 Reviewing Information About this Guide

This guide describes how to complete a default installation of Oracle Database Client on a system that does not have any Oracle software installed on it. If there is an existing Oracle software installation on this system, then refer to Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for HP-UX for more detailed installation instructions

It describes how to install one of the following installation types:

See Also:

Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide for more information about the Instant Client feature

This guide does not describe how to install the Custom installation type.

Where to Get Additional Installation Information

For more detailed information about installing Oracle Database Client, refer to Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for HP-UX.

All these guides are available on the product disc. To access them, use a Web browser to open the welcome.htm file located in the top-level directory of the media. Platform-specific documentation is available in PDF and HTML formats in the Documentation section.

2 Logging In to the System as root

Before you install Oracle Database Client, you must complete several tasks as the root user. To log in as the root user, complete one of the following procedures:

Note:

You must install the software from an X Window System workstation, an X terminal, or a PC or other system with X server software installed.

3 Checking the Hardware Requirements

The system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements:

3.1 Memory Requirements

The following are the memory requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):

  • At least 256 MB of physical RAM

    To determine the physical RAM size, enter the following command:

    # /usr/contrib/bin/machinfo  | grep -i Memory
    

    If the size of the physical RAM is less than the required size, then you must install more memory before continuing.

  • The following table describes the relationship between installed RAM and the configured swap space requirement.

    Available RAM Swap Space Required
    Between 0 MB and 256 MB 3 times the size of RAM
    Between 256 MB and 512 MB 2 times the size of RAM
    Between 512 MB and 2 GB 1.5 times the size of RAM
    Between 2 GB and 16 GB Equal to the size of RAM
    More than 16 GB 16 GB

    To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following command:

    # /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a
    

    If necessary, refer to the operating system documentation for information about how to configure additional swap space.

Note:

Oracle recommends that you take multiple values for the available RAM and swap space before finalizing on a value. This is because the available RAM and swap space keep changing depending on the user interactions with the computer.

3.2 Disk Space Requirements

The following are the disk space requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):

  • At least 130 MB of space in the /tmp directory

    To determine the amount of free disk space in the /tmp directory enter the following command:

    # bdf /tmp
    

    If the free disk space available in the /tmp directory is less than what is required, then complete one of the following steps:

    • Delete unnecessary files from the /tmp directory to meet the disk space requirement.

    • Set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables when setting the oracle user's environment.

    • Extend the file system that contains the /tmp directory. If necessary, contact the system administrator for information about extending file systems.

  • To determine the amount of free disk space on the system, enter the following command:

    # bdf
    

    The following table shows the approximate disk space requirements for software files for each installation type:

    Installation Type Requirement for Software Files
    Instant Client 392 MB
    Administrator 2.45 GB
    Runtime 2.0 GB
    Custom (maximum) 2.45 GB

4 Checking the Software Requirements

Depending on the products that you intend to install, verify that the following software is installed on the system.

Note:

Oracle Universal Installer performs checks on the system to verify that it meets the listed requirements. To ensure that these checks pass, verify the requirements before you start Oracle Universal Installer.

4.1 Operating System Requirements

The following are the operating system requirements for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):

  • HP-UX 11i V3 patch Bundle Sep/ 2008 (B.11.31.0809.326a) or higher

Note:

Only the distributions and versions listed in this section are supported. Do not install the software on other versions.

To determine the distribution and version of HP-UX installed, enter the following command:

# uname -a

HP-UX hostname B.11.31 U ia64 4156074294 unlimited-user license

In this example, the version of HP-UX 11i is 11.31.

Verify that the system meets the minimum patch bundle requirements using the following command:

# /usr/sbin/swlist -l bundle |grep QPK

The QPK (Quality Pack) bundles have version numbers of the form B.11.31.0809.326a (for the September 2008 release), B.11.31.0903.334a (for the March 2009 release), and so on.

If a required bundle, product, or fileset is not installed, then you must install it. Refer to your operating system or software documentation for information about installing products.

Note:

There may be more recent versions of the patches listed installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then determine whether a more recent version is installed before installing the version listed.

4.2 Compiler Requirements

The following are the compiler requirements for HP-UX systems Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, and Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK) with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):

  • A.06.20 (HP C/aC++ Swlist Bundle - C.11.31.04) - Sep 2008

4.3 Patch Requirement

In addition, you need to verify that the following patches are installed on the system.

Note:

There may be more recent versions of the patches listed installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then determine whether a more recent version is installed before installing the version listed. The installer will check for superseding patches.

The following are operating system patches for HP-UX Itanium:

For HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31):

  • PHCO_40381 11.31 Disk Owner Patch

  • PHKL_38038 VM patch - hot patching/Core file creation directory

  • PHKL_38938 11.31 SCSI cumulative I/O patch

  • PHKL_39351 Scheduler patch: post wait hang

  • PHSS_36354 11.31 assembler patch

  • PHSS_37042 11.31 hppac (packed decimal)

  • PHSS_37959 Libcl patch for alternate stack issue fix (QXCR1000818011)

  • PHSS_39094 11.31 linker + fdp cumulative patch

  • PHSS_39100 11.31 Math Library Cumulative Patch

  • PHSS_39102 11.31 Integrity Unwind Library

  • PHSS_38141 11.31 aC++ Runtime

  • PHSS_39824 - 11.31 HP C/aC++ Compiler (A.06.23) patch

For HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31) VERITAS File System:

PHKL_39773: 11.31 VRTS 5.0 GARP6 VRTSvxfs Kernel Patch

Note: The VERITAS file system is optional. This patch is required only if you want to use a VERITAS File System 5.0.

To ensure that the system meets these requirements:

  1. To determine whether a patch is installed, enter a command similar to the following:

    # /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | grep PHSS_37959
    

    Alternatively, to list all installed patches, enter the following command:

    # /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | more
    
  2. If a required patch is not installed, then download it from the following Web site and install it:

    http://itresourcecenter.hp.com

    If the Web site displays a recent version of the patch, then download and install that version.

4.4 Additional Software Requirements

Depending on the components you want to use, you must ensure that the following software are installed:

4.4.1 Oracle ODBC Drivers

Oracle ODBC driver on HP UX Itanium is certified with ODBC Driver Manager 2.2.14. You can download and install the Driver Manager from the following link:

http://www.unixodbc.org

You do not require ODBC Driver Manager to install Oracle Database.

To use ODBC, you must also install gcc 3.4.5 or later

4.4.2 Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers

Use JDK 6 (HPUX JDK 6.0.05) or JDK 5 (HPUX JDK 5.0.15) with the JNDI extension with the Oracle Java Database Connectivity and Oracle Call Interface drivers. However, these are not mandatory for the database installation. Note that JDK 1.5 is installed with this release

4.4.3 Programming languages

The following products are certified for use with

  • Pro* COBOL

    Micro Focus Server Express 5.1

  • Pro* FORTRAN

    HP FORTRAN/90 - Sep 2008 - release

4.4.4 Separate 32-Bit Client Software for 64-Bit Ports

Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), the 64-bit client software does not contain any 32-bit client binaries. If you require 32-bit client binaries on 64-bit ports, then install the 32-bit binaries from the respective 32-bit client software.

4.4.5 Browser Requirements

Web browsers must support JavaScript, and the HTML 4.0 and CSS 1.0 standards. The following browsers meet these requirements for Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control:

  • Netscape Navigator 8.1

  • Netscape Navigator 9.0

  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2

  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 SP1

  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0

  • Firefox 2.0

  • Firefox 3.0.7

  • Firefox 3.5

  • Firefox 3.6

  • Safari 3.1

  • Safari 3.2

  • Safari 4.0.x

  • Google Chrome 3.0

  • Google Chrome 4.0

5 Creating Required Operating System Group and User

The following local operating system group and user must exist on the system:

To determine if this group and user already exist, and if required, to create them, follow these steps:

  1. To determine if the oinstall group exists, enter the following command:

    # more /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc
    

    If the oraInst.loc file exists, then the output from this command is similar to the following:

    inventory_loc=/u01/app/oracle/oraInventory
    inst_group=oinstall
    

    The inst_group parameter shows the name of the Oracle Inventory group (oinstall).

  2. If necessary, enter the following command to create the oinstall group:

    # /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall
    
  3. To determine whether the oracle user exists and belongs to the correct groups, enter the following command:

    # id oracle
    

    If the oracle user exists, then this command displays information about the groups to which the user belongs. The output should be similar to the following, indicating that oinstall is the primary group:

    uid=440(oracle) gid=200(oinstall) groups=201(dba),202(oper)
    
  4. If necessary, complete one of the following actions:

    • If the oracle user exists, but its primary group is not oinstall, then enter a command similar to the following, where the -g option specifies oinstall as the primary group and the -G option specifies any existing groups to which the oracle user belongs:

      # /usr/sbin/usermod -g oinstall -G dba oracle
      
    • If the oracle user does not exist, then enter the following command to create it:

      # /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall [-G dba] oracle
      

      This command creates the oracle user and specifies:

      • oinstall as the primary group

      • dba as an optional secondary group

  5. Enter the following command to set the password of the oracle user:

    # passwd oracle
    

6 Creating an Oracle Base Directory

Before you create an Oracle base directory, you must identify an appropriate file system with disk space.

To create the Oracle base directory:

  1. Enter the following command to display information about all mounted file systems:

    # bdf
    

    This command displays information about all the file systems mounted on the system, including:

    • The physical device name

    • The total amount, used amount, and available amount of disk space

    • The mount point directory for that file system

  2. From the display, identify either one or two file systems that meet the disk space requirements mentioned earlier in this section.

  3. Note the name of the mount point directory for each file system that you identified.

  4. Enter commands similar to the following to create the recommended subdirectories in the mount point directory that you identified and set the appropriate owner, group, and permissions on them:

    # mkdir /mount_point/oradata
    # chown oracle:oinstall /mount_point/oradata
    # chmod 775 /mount_point/oradata
    

7 Configuring the oracle User's Environment

You run Oracle Universal Installer from the oracle account. However, before you start Oracle Universal Installer you must configure the environment of the oracle user. To configure the environment, you must:

Caution:

Use shell programs supported by your operating system vendor. If you use a shell program that is not supported by your operating system, then you can encounter errors during installation.

To set the oracle user's environment:

  1. Start a new terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).

  2. Enter the following command to ensure that X Window applications can display on this system:

    $ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
    

    For example:

    $ xhost somehost.us.example.com
    
  3. If you are not already logged in to the system where you want to install the software, then log in to that system as the oracle user.

  4. If you are not logged in as the oracle user, then switch user to oracle:

    $ su - oracle
    
  5. To determine the default shell for the oracle user, enter the following command:

    $ echo $SHELL
    
  6. To run the shell startup script, enter one of the following commands:

    • Bash shell:

      $ . ./.bash_profile
      
    • Bourne or Korn shell:

      $ . ./.profile
      
    • C shell:

      % source ./.login
      
  7. If you are not installing the software on the local computer, then run the following command on the remote machine to set the DISPLAY variable:

    • Bourne, Bash or Korn shell:

      $ export DISPLAY=local_host:0.0      
      
    • C shell:

      % setenv DISPLAY local_host:0.0
      

    In this example, local_host is the host name or IP address of the local computer that you want to use to display Oracle Universal Installer.

    Run the following command on the remote machine to check if the shell and the DISPLAY environmental variable are set correctly:

    echo $SHELL
    echo $DISPLAY
    

    Now to enable X applications, run the following commands on the local computer:

    $ xhost + fully_qualified_remote_host_name
    

    To verify that X applications display is set properly, run a X11 based program that comes with the operating system such as xclock:

    $ xclock
    

    In this example, you can find xclock at /usr/X11R6/bin/xclocks. If the DISPLAY variable is set properly, then you can see xclock on your computer screen.

    See Also:

    PC-X Server or operating system vendor documents for further assistance
  8. If you determined that the /tmp directory has less than 1 GB of free disk space, then identify a file system with at least 1 GB of free space and set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables to specify a temporary directory on this file system:

    1. To determine the free disk space on each mounted file system use the following command:

      # df -h /tmp
      
    2. If necessary, enter commands similar to the following to create a temporary directory on the file system that you identified, and set the appropriate permissions on the directory:

      $ sudo mkdir /mount_point/tmp
      $ sudo chmod a+wr /mount_point/tmp
      # exit
      
    3. Enter commands similar to the following to set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables:

      • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

        $ TMP=/mount_point/tmp
        $ TMPDIR=/mount_point/tmp
        $ export TMP TMPDIR
        
      • C shell:

        % setenv TMP /mount_point/tmp
        % setenv TMPDIR /mount_point/tmp
        
  9. Enter commands similar to the following to set the ORACLE_BASE and ORACLE_SID environment variables:

    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
      $ ORACLE_SID=sales
      $ export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_SID
      
    • C shell:

      % setenv ORACLE_BASE /u01/app/oracle
      % setenv ORACLE_SID sales
      

    In this example, /u01/app/oracle is the Oracle base directory that you created or identified earlier and sales is the name that you want to call the database (typically no more than five characters).

  10. Enter the following commands to ensure that the ORACLE_HOME and TNS_ADMIN environment variables are not set:

    • Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:

      $ unset ORACLE_HOME
      $ unset TNS_ADMIN
      
    • C shell:

      % unsetenv ORACLE_HOME
      % unsetenv TNS_ADMIN
      

    Note:

    If the ORACLE_HOME environment variable is set, then Oracle Universal Installer uses the value that it specifies as the default path for the Oracle home directory. However, if you set the ORACLE_BASE environment variable, then Oracle recommends that you unset the ORACLE_HOME environment variable and choose the default path suggested by Oracle Universal Installer.

8 Mounting the Product Disc

On most HP-UX Itanium systems, the product disc mounts automatically when you insert it into the drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, follow these steps to mount it:

  1. Switch user to root:

    $ su -
    password:
    
  2. If necessary, enter the following command to unmount the currently mounted disc, then remove it from the drive:

    # /usr/sbin/umount /SD_DVD
    

    In this example, /SD_DVD is the mount point directory for the disc drive.

  3. Insert the appropriate disc into the disc drive, then enter a command similar to the following to mount it:

    # /usr/sbin/mount -F cdfs -o rr /dev/dsk/cxtydz /SD_DVD
    

    In this example, /SD_DVD is the disc mount point directory and /dev/dsk/cxtydz is the device name for the disc device, for example /dev/dsk/c0t2d0.

  4. If Oracle Universal Installer is displaying the Disk Location dialog box, enter the disc mount point directory path, for example:

    /SD_DVD
    

9 Installing Oracle Database Client

After configuring the oracle user's environment, start Oracle Universal Installer and install Oracle Database as follows:

10 Performing an In-place Oracle Database Client Upgrade

Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), you can perform an in-place upgrade of Oracle Database Client 11g Release 2 (11.2) using the following instructions:

Note:

If you do not have an existing Oracle Database Client 11g Release 2 (11.2) upgradable home on your system, you cannot perform an in-place upgrade.
  1. After configuring the oracle user's environment, start Oracle Universal Installer using the following command:

    $ /mount_point/db/runInstaller
    

    See Also:

    "Running Oracle Universal Installer" section in Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for HP-UX
  2. Only if you have an existing Oracle Database Client 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1) installed on your system, the Select Installation Mode screen is displayed. Select Upgrade to upgrade the existing Oracle Database Client software with the latest version.

  3. Perform Steps 5 through 11 listed in "Installing Oracle Database Client" to complete the upgrade process.

See Also:

"Updating the Existing Software with the Current Version" and "Performing an In-place Oracle Database Client Upgrade Using the Response File" sections in Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for HP-UX

11 Installing Oracle Database Examples

If you plan to use the following products or features, then download and install the products from the Oracle Database Examples media:

For information about installing software and various Oracle product demonstrations from the Oracle Database Examples media, refer to Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide.

12 What to Do Next?

To become familiar with this release of Oracle Database, it is recommended that you complete the following tasks:

13 Additional Information

This section contains information about the following:

Product Licenses

You are welcome to install and evaluate the products included in this media pack for 30 days under the terms of the Trial License Agreement. However, you must purchase a program license if you want to continue using any product after the 30 day evaluation period. See the following section for information about purchasing program licenses.

Purchasing Licenses and Version Updates

You can purchase program licenses and updated versions of Oracle products from the Oracle Store Web site:

https://shop.oracle.com

Contacting Oracle Support Services

If you have purchased Oracle Product Support, you can call Oracle Support Services for assistance 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For information about purchasing Oracle Product Support or contacting Oracle Support Services, go to the Oracle Support Services Web site:

http://www.oracle.com/support

Locating Product Documentation

Product documentation includes information about configuring, using, or administering Oracle products on any platform. The product documentation for Oracle Database 11g products is available in both HTML and PDF formats in the following locations:

To view PDF documents, download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader from the Adobe Web site, if necessary:

http://www.adobe.com

14 Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible to all users, including users that are disabled. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For more information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/.

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation

This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.

Access to Oracle Support

Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For information, visit http://www.oracle.com/support/contact.html or visit http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/support.html if you are hearing impaired.


Oracle Database Client Installation Guide, 11g Release 2 (11.2) for HP-UX Itanium

E18193-02

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